“Black they continue being ignored”

Source: http://www.larepublica.com.pe/noticia_pasada_cs.jsp?pIdNoticia=47422&pId=7&pFechaInicio=2005-08-01
Write: Raúl Mendoza.
Picture: Marcos Rojas.
John Thomas III

ANALYSIS ON SUBJECT AFRO IN PERU • American Afro John Thomas III, expert in International Subjects, made studies on afro communities in Peru during a year.

• indicates that Been Peruvian it does not have political defined for this minority.

–So that one was interested in studying the afroperuano subject in Peru?

–In my country I studied in the Morehouse College, a black university, that treats these subjects. Later I went to the Dominican Republic and there I saw what is to be afrolatino. When I obtained the Fulbrigth scholarship for an independent investigation I chose Peru, because unlike which it had seen, here the black yes are a minority.

– Is problematic a different one?

–Yes. In addition to being minority, in Peru the black community is dispersed. And also I chose east country by the fujimorista dictatorship, because interested in the policy and the civil society we know that Peru has undergone much. And little is known the problematic one of the black. Here it is spoken more of cholo, the Andean.

In order to consider

STUDIES. John Thomas III realizó estudios de Relaciones Internacionales y Castellano en el Morehouse College, y sobre Política Internacional en la Woodrow Wilson School de su país.
BECA. He has been scholarship holder and investigator of the Fulbrigth Commission and made studies on the Peruvian black community for two years, supported by the national movement Francisco the Congo and CEDET.

–¿Qué estudios realizó aquí?

–The Fulbrigth scholarship demands to coordinate here with an organization. I chose CEDET (Center of Ethnic Development). I developed the study in 3 parts: First, formal surveys to afroperuanas institutions. There are 17 ONG: 15 in Lima, two in provinces. Soon me entrevisté with specialists in the subject and leaders. And third, I made observation of the work in factories, seminaries, and lowered to the communities to see people and to request opinions.

–What has found on the presence of the black in the national agenda?

– CEDET is making a study of the political parties, and how it is considered to the afrodescendientes. Only a party, the MNI, mentions the afrodescendiente word in its proposal. No other headress the black subject. Although there are afros militants in the parties, his presence in these organizations does not respond to the necessities of his community.

– But are black representatives in the Congress

– Three, Jose Luis Risco, Martha Moyano and Cecilia Tait, but does not have a base of followers in the black community. Reviewing their projects of law, only Risco and Moyano have presented/displayed between both 3 or 4 laws in favor of the afros. In general, the political parties ignore the subject totally afro.

– And the State does not include in its policies this minority?

– No. The Conapa, today Indepa, was an initiative that only included natives and the black were put in the end. And of the 25 representatives, there was single afro. Now with Indepa also there is a single representative. No department (Ministry) of the State has policies defined for the afroperuanos. They continue being a luck of citizens with trimmed rights.

– The discrimination note?

I do not believe that only it happens in this country, happens at regional level. But note enough. I have gone to Miraflores, likes I (Coffee) the Starbucks. Until now the only black that I have seen there, he is the one that takes care of. A day which I went here to the own Fulbrigth commission, one of the guards, asked to me until twice who was, until they

The afros must become aware

-So that to work by the rights of the black and not by the human rights of all in general, including the black?

-If we were in a perfect world would not be necessity of ethnic movements. But the world is not just. If sights the face of this country, its runners of being able, notices the exclusion and the discrimination. The invisibilización is the greater form of discrimination.

-What must make the black to be in the political and social agenda, and not to be invisible?

–Fortalecer its movements of base. The own population must inmiscuir itself in the subject. Through their movements the unification of the black community and the development of unique proposals like town must work in. And to fight the discrimination and the exclusion like town. They must become aware of which they are, a process is everything.

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